Stroke

Stroke is the first cause of acquired disability in the world

According to the World Health Organization, 15 million people suffer from stroke worldwide each year.
A stroke, brain attack, or cerebrovascular accident, is the sudden death of brain cells caused by a lack of blood supply and oxygen to the brain. Oxygen is essential to maintaining normal brain function and without it, the cells constituting the brain cannot survive and begin to die after few minutes.

There are two main types of stroke:

Ischemic strokes or cerebral infarcts: 80% of strokes result from a blockage or a reduction of blood flow in an artery that irrigates the brain. They are caused either by a blood clot (thrombus) which blocks the blood vessel or by the build-up of plaque (often due to cholesterol) within the arteries which narrows vessels resulting in a loss of blood flow

Haemorrhagic strokes represent 20% of strokes, due to the rupture of an artery within the brain triggering an intracerebral haemorrhage (15% of strokes) or to the rupture of an aneurysm (arteriovenous malformation) entailing subarachnoid haemorrhage (5% of strokes).

What are the consequences of a stroke?

Resulting disabilities will vary depending on stroke location and severity.

After a stroke, brain cells die in the affected areas resulting to damaged or even lose neurons. Patients will often suffer physical disabilities such as partial loss of motricity or hemiplegia, sensory loss, language disorders, aphasia, visual disorders, and even memory loss.
Level of recovery will vary from patient to patient according to the stroke location and severity.

Through comprehensive assessment and provision of a wide range of therapies our nursing staff, allied health professionals and rehabilitation physicians strive to ensure the most optimal outcome for each individual patient, allowing them to resume a fulfilling lifestyle.

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