A stroke is a serious life threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to the part of the brain is cut off. There are two major types of stroke namely:
Ischemic stroke: This occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked by a clot in the blood vessels supply in blood to the part of the brain.
Haemorrhagic stroke: this occurs when there is a leakage of blood from the blood vessels as a result of weakness of the vessel.
However, there is a related condition known as Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA). This occurs when the blood supply to the brain is temporarily interrupted causing a mini stroke often lasting between 30 minutes and several hours.
Stroke affects everybody differently. Many stroke survivors continue to improve over a long time, sometimes over a number of years.
Recovery from stroke involves making changes in the physical, social and, emotional aspects of your life. You will make changes to prevent additional strokes as well as to facilitate your life-long recovery.
It is normal to feel angry, anxious or depressed after a stroke. You may feel worried about work, money and relationships, and the tiredness caused by stroke can make things worse.
Rehabilitation is about getting back to normal life and living as independent a life as possible. It involves taking an active approach to ensure that your life goes on. This can mean learning new skills or relearning old ones. It may involve adapting to new limitations and post-stroke conditions. Or it can mean finding new social, emotional, and practical support to live your best life post-stroke. With good care and rehabilitation, there is life after stroke.
FIRST STEPS TO RECOVERY
- Safety after Stroke
- Preventing Another Stroke
- Finding Clinical Trials
- Rehabilitation Therapy after a Stroke
An important part of the road to recovery is your return to community living after leaving the hospital. Learning to live with new challenges following a stroke is essential.
Post-stroke conditions can be fear, apprehension, and uncertainty about the journey after stroke. Because stroke recovery varies from person to person, it’s hard to predict how many abilities you might recover and how soon. In general, successful stroke rehabilitation depends on:
- Physical factors, including the severity of your stroke in terms of both cognitive and physical effects.
- Emotional factors, such as your motivation and mood, and your ability to stick with rehabilitation activities outside of therapy sessions
- Social factors, such as the support of friends and family
- Therapeutic factors, including an early start to your rehabilitation and the skill of your stroke rehabilitation team
Generally the rate of recovery is greatest in the acute and post-acute periods — weeks and months after a stroke. However, there is evidence that performance can improve well into the chronic phase, or years later.
- Managing Finances Post-stroke
- Returning to Work After a Stroke
- Diet and Nutrition
Following a stroke, lifestyle changes can be anything from a healthy diet, managing your weight, learning to be physically active to budgeting income and expenses.